What is Face Lift?
Degeneration of skin cells with aging results in the loosening of the skin of the face and neck. Facelift, also known as meloplasty or rhytidectomy, involves surgical procedures that tighten and remove drooping skin. This surgical tightening of the facial muscles improves the tone of the skin. These procedures also involve the removal and repositioning of the excessive fat present beneath the skin.
The facelift is more commonly performed in the age group between 40-65 years, but people in the higher or lower age group can also opt for it. The results of a facelift usually last for 5-12 years.
The objective of facelift surgery is as follows:
- Reduces the signs of aging
- Improves the contours of the face and neck
- Makes the skin younger and smoother
- May be combined with other cosmetic surgical procedures such as brow lift, eyelid surgery or skin reconstruction
- May be undertaken along with non-surgical treatments such as chemical skin peel, dermabrasion or skin resurfacing
Facelift surgery does not involve the alteration of the bone structure of the face.
Procedure of Facelift Surgery
Facelift surgery is performed under general anesthesia or local anesthesia. The type of facelift surgery depends upon the age, type of skin (dry, thick, etc.), condition and requirement of the individual.
Depending upon the general health of the individual and the required extent of the procedure, facelift surgery can be performed with a short stay in the hospital. In some cases, a small, thin tube may be temporarily placed under the skin for the drainage of excessive fluid.
Post-operative care for Facelift
The basic post-operative instructions are as follows:
- One can have a light meal and can drink fluids 2-3 hours after the surgery
- Elevate the head while sleeping to reduce swelling
- Take the prescribed medications for pain and swelling
- Take rest for a few weeks as recommended
- Avoid lifting heavy objects, strenuous exercise, swimming, and strenuous sports
Risks and complications of Facelift
Facelift surgery is generally a safe procedure. Smokers are at increased risk of complications. The associated risks and complications of facelift surgery are as follows:
- Allergic reactions
- Formation of large blood clots or hematoma
- Pain and numbness
- Bruising and swelling
- Scar formation
- Hair loss around the scar
- Loss of skin
- Deformity of the earlobe
- Damage to the facial nerves
Revision surgery may be recommended for correcting the complications.